By Don Newsom, TSB Contributing Writer
August 4 through August 10
Two county firsts, the hottest day on record, the atomic bombs were dropped and Richard Nixon’s first and last days associated with his Presidency took place this week in history.
In 1845, the first recorded birth of a female, Mary Ann Gough, occurred.
In 1848, the first Chief Justice (now called the County Judge), Pleasant Wilson, and the first Tax Assessor/Collector, George McKinney, were elected.
In 1861, the federal government levied an income tax for the first time.
In 1897, the Engleman post office was discontinued. Residents began receiving their mail through the Lucas office and later the Wylie office.
In 1903, when stringed bands were very popular, two: the Altoga Band and the Vineland String Band; presented concerts in the Princeton and Bloomdale communities.
In 1912, disastrous straight line winds in excess of 100 mph destroyed buildings in the communities of Blue Ridge, Sedalia, Pilot Grove and Donna.
In 1914, even though the United States still proclaimed its neutrality it moved closer to involvement in WWI when Britain declared war on Germany.
In 1922, Curtsinger Drug Store opened in Frisco.
In 1929, a fire of mysterious origin burned a large part of Melissa.
In 1936, the hottest day on record in Collin County happened. The temperature reached 118 degrees.
In 1945, an atomic bomb (the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare) was dropped on Hiroshima, resulting in an estimated 140,000 deaths. Three days later, the second atomic bomb was dropped over Japan, killing over 75,000 in and around Nagasaki, resulting in Japan surrendering six days later.
In 1968, Richard Nixon was nominated for President and six years later on the same date he announced he was resigning. The next day, Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th president of the United States. He became the only person to serve as Vice President and President and not be elected to either office.
TSB contributing writer Don Newsom is an avid historian and a former Superintendent of Schools for Celina ISD.