By Don Newsom, TSB Contributing Writer
October 28 through November 3
As October moves into November, many events, which have had long term impact on our area, occurred.
In 1517, Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.
In 1765, The Stamp Act went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists. Many historians credit this event as being the “legislative last straw” resulting in the American Revolution.
In 1793, Eli Whitney applied for a patent for the cotton gin, an invention that would make a tremendous contribution to the settlement and development of this area.
In 1835, a group of men met at San Felipe de Austin to form a temporary government, which was the beginning of the State of Texas.
In 1847, an election was held establishing the location of the town of McKinney.
In 1868, the Pike Baptist Church, near Blue Ridge, met for the first time after being organized earlier in the month. The church still conducts worship services.
In 1883, a meeting was called to organize the Empire School in the community northwest of Nevada. A boarding school and dormitory were built by members of the Masonic Lodge. The school burned in 1914, was rebuilt, and burned again in 1929. The Masonic Lodge moved to Nevada, but kept the Empire name. Now, the cemetery and the Masonic Lodge are the only evidences of the Empire Community.
In 1900, the dam for the Plano city water works on Spring Creek washed out as the result of heavy rains, which flooded the area.
In 1910, the Texas Cotton Mill Company, located in southeast McKinney, began operations. During the early 1960’s it was the largest denim manufacturer in the world. It ceased operations in 1969. The building is now used as an event center.
In 1919, Congress enacted the Volstead Act, which provided for enforcement of Prohibition, over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto.
In 1929, the “Great Depression” began when stock prices collapsed on the New York Stock Exchange amid panic selling. Thousands of investors were wiped out.
In 1935, a 300-gallon gas tank exploded in Wylie, injuring one. The cause of the explosion was never determined.
In 1938, the nationally known Stamps Quartet gave a performance at the Chambersville school. The same year, the radio play “The War of the Worlds,” starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS. The live drama, which employed fake news reports, panicked some listeners who thought its portrayal of a Martian invasion was true.
In 1962, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba, thus ending the “Cuban Missile Crisis”.
In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered a halt to all U.S. bombing of North Vietnam, saying he hoped for fruitful peace negotiations.
In 1969, the Internet had its beginnings when the first host-to-host connection was made on the Arpanet – an experimental military computer network – between UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, Calif.
Don Newsom is a contributing writer for TownSquareBuzz.com, and is a former Superintendent of Schools for Celina ISD and an avid historian.