Friday , 18 August 2017

This Week in History: Nov. 25 – Dec. 1, U.S. Independence is Recognized

By Don Newsom, TSB Contributing Writer

November 25 through December 1

Events the end of November and beginning of December have included the official recognition and beginning of this nation, early development of Collin County and drastic changes in the postal system in the area.

In 1782, Great Britain signed an agreement recognizing independence of the United States.

In 1789, a day of thanksgiving was set aside by President George Washington to observe the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.

In 1824, the House of Representatives convened to decide the presidential election because no candidate had received a majority in the Electoral College. John Quincy Adams was eventually chosen the winner over Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay.

In 1845, J. B. Wilmeth, a founding pioneer, organized a Christian church in the home of Carroll McKinney in the northern part of the county near Grayson County.

In 1846, a post office was established in the community of Buckner, the area west of McKinney on Highway 380 where Third Monday Trades Day is currently located. The post office was closed two years later and moved to McKinney when it replaced Buckner as the county seat.

This week several of the original families of the county arrived and settled in this area that would become Collin County. In 1846, the William Beverly family settled in Plano and in 1852, A. H. Burns and his family settled in McKinney. Burns originally was from Tennessee. His wife, Lucinda Summers, was born in Texas and a member of one of the original families that migrated to Texas with Stephen Austin. In 1855, the Rhea family settled in the community of Sway Back and in 1858, the F. M. Bounds family arrived.

In 1901, as the result of federal legislation, the postal service began free rural mail delivery in Collin County and began closing the post offices in the small communities including Parker, Dump, Climax, Arnold, Ardath, and Verona. At the same time free rural delivery began for the residents of the Foote, Rock Hill, Lucas and Altoga communities.

In 1902, free city delivery of mail began in McKinney. Prior to the change, most people picked up their mail at a local post office in their community. If mail was delivered to a home or business there was a delivery fee. The amount and manner in which the fee was paid was determined by the post master, but the most common practice was the fee had to be paid at the time the mail was sent or received. Some post master’s allowed a credit system, paid monthly. This was the first step in the process used today: a standardized rate based on weight of the mailing or a stamp cost.

In 1904, McKinney and Plano played a football game which McKinney won 11 to 5. The same year, a run away horse pulling a “Sunday go to meeting cart” overturned the cart and fled on the square in downtown McKinney, creating quite a commotion.

In 1927, the only bank in Weston was closed mainly for two reasons: the recession that was impacting the nation and lack of business because of the opening of banks in McKinney, Celina and Anna.

In 1931, the “Allen Times” a weekly newspaper began publication. In was viewed as a rather risked endeavor since many businesses were closing and almost none were opening because of the “Great Depression”.

In 1949, television station KRLD, now KDFW, a CBS affiliate began broadcasting from the Dallas, Fort Worth area. For those living close enough or with an antenna high enough to receive a signal, it was a life changing experience. News stories, sporting events and entertainment could be seen as well as heard.

In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, defied the law by refusing to give up her seat to a white man aboard a Montgomery, Alabama city bus. Parks was arrested, sparking a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks.

Don Newsom (in photo) is an avid historian and a former Superintendent of Schools for Celina ISD.

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