By Don Newsom, TSB Contributing Writer
This week in history: August 5 through August 11
Among the varied events that happen this week, the most significant was the dropping of two atomic bombs by the U S on Japan during WW II.
In 1848, the first Chief Justice (now called the County Judge), Pleasant Wilson, and the first Tax Assessor/Collector, George McKinney, were elected.
In 1861, the federal government levied an income tax for the first time.
In 1872, the First Baptist Church in McKinney was founded.
In 1883, the first picnic honoring county men who had served in the Confederacy was held in Old Settler Park in McKinney.
In 1889, the Millwood school was established in the southeastern part of the county near Royce City.
In 1897, the Engleman post office was discontinued. Residents began receiving their mail through the Lucas office and later the Wylie office.
In 1912, disastrous straight line winds in excess of 100 mph destroyed buildings in the communities of Blue Ridge, Sedalia, Pilot Grove and Donna.
In 1922, Curtsinger Drug Store opened in Frisco
In 1925, Highway 75 (now Highway 5) was designated a U. S. Highway.
In 1929, a fire of mysterious origin burned a large part of Melissa.
In 1936, the hottest day on record in Collin County happened. The temperature reached 118 degrees.
In 1945, an atomic bomb (the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare) was dropped on Hiroshima, resulting in an estimated 140,000 deaths. Three days later, the second atomic bomb was dropped over Japan, killing over 75,000 in and around Nagasaki, resulting in Japan surrendering six days later.
In 1968, Richard Nixon was nominated for President and six years later on the same date he announced he was resigning. The next day, Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th president of the United States. He became the only person to serve as Vice President and President and not be elected to either office.
Don Newsom, is an avid historian, a member of the North Texas History Center’s Board of Directors and a former Superintendent of Schools for Celina ISD.